Table 1provides the citation format for a particular state's statutory code. For further information on state statutes, please click here. (abbreviation for the code in Table 1) Section … There are also two unofficial codes for federal statutes: United States Code Annotated (U.S.C.A.) § 1234 (2018). Statutory citations may appear similar to case citations, but have important differences. To find the currency of Lexis, the information for the statute can be found underneath the "Copy Citation" box but before the text of the citation itself. Cite state codes and legal statutes in APA style for college research or professionally written papers and reports. In this case, the title is 42. Whenever possible, cite the official code for statutes currently in force (although note that it's best to use the unofficial code versions for research). It is optional to include the year when citing either the official or unofficial version of the federal code. A statute is usually divided into several numbered sections and subsections. See Bluebook R. 12 in the white pages.). § 2913.02 (West, Westlaw Edge through file 59 of the 132nd General Assembly (2017-2018)). If your reference includes more than one section, provide the first and last section numbers, preceded by a double section symbol (§§), and separate . Indicate the statute volume within which the statute appears, abbreviating the title of the statute volume. The date does not refer to the last time the statute was amended but, rather, to the most recent public law included in the database. In-Text Citation. For example, if Lexis says it is current through Pub. 115-132). If possible, cite current statutes to the current official code or its supplement. § 1350 (2018). If you are citing more than one statute, you can use the same date for all statutes. then lists the article or amendment. Example: Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) pt V div 2. § 2913.02 (LEXIS through file 59 (HB 1)). Example: Doogan v Greater Glasgow and Clyde Health Board, 2015 SC (UKSC) 32. In a reference for a statute, a section symbol (§) should be listed before the section number. 93, § 1 (West, Westlaw through Chapter 113 of the 2020 2d Ann. ), available on Westlaw, or the United States Code Service (U.S.C.S. To cite to a statute, cite to the code in which the statute appears. court opinion construing a statute, the cite should be to the earlier edition of the Florida Statutes with which the discussion deals. If citing to a statute that is available on a commercial online service such as Lexis or Westlaw, provide the following: Title, Chapter, or Volume (see T. 1) Code (cite to the official code if at all possible) Section Ordinances governing cities, towns, or counties are cited like statutes. Citing an Ontario Statute Ontario Statute (from the official electronic version at www.e-laws.gov.on) Format: Title (with year if it is included in the title), Annual Volume(S or RS) Jurisdiction (O - for Ontario), Year, Chapter, Pinpoint (for a specific section of the statute, s for section, ss for multiple sections). On the references page, include the U.S.C. In a reference for a statute, a section symbol (§) should be listed before the section number. [Not pt V, div 2] Definitions, See 3.1.6. For more information on how to cite supplements, please see Bluebook Rule 3.1(c). The rulewriter should avoid citing sections in units smaller than the second level, e.g., (1) (a) or (14) (b). For example, if the 2018 main edition has only been published through Title 9, you would cite any statutes in or before that title (9 U.S.C. Case Citation - United States. Example: Neb. These will be in print form. to the coronavirus outbreak, (wide variations occur between jurisdictions). Newer statutes may also include the year as part of the title. ==========================================================. Most will provide the proper citation for both official and unofficial codes, and which to use first . 1. If you had found the previous statute online on Lexis or Westlaw Edge, the proper citation would therefore be: 12 U.S.C.A. For example, if you wanted to reference a statute regarding the cooperation of agencies in the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969., the proper citation would be: National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 102, 42 U.S.C. Case Citation - United States. Each piece of legislation passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom ("Westminster") is known as an Act of Parliament.. Each modern Act of Parliament has a title (also known as a "long title") and a short title.A short title provides a convenient name for referring to an individual Act, such as "Jamaica Independence Act 1962". When citing a statute that has since been amended once, indicate the year of amendment, or cite the amending session law in full if pertinent to the discussion. When this occurs, you can cite to the public law number, sessions law or statutes at large [rule 12.2.2(a) & 12.4]. The United States Code is the official code for federal statutes. Each code title is numbered and covers a broad area of law (e.g., title 11 of the federal statutory code covers bankruptcy law). Cite to the official United Statutes Code (U.S.C. Example of a federal statute: If possible, you should cite to the current official code or the supplement. State statutory compilations can be found within Table T.1.3 pp. Note that the preamble, “pmbl.,” has no article, section, or clause subsections. NOT Evidence Act 2006 (NZ), s 43. Conn. Gen. Stat. Statutes in Print B12, B12.1.2, R12, T1.3. Those instances are usually limited to if the statute is commonly cited that way or if the information would otherwise aid in identification. To cite the reference in text, give the case name, in italics, and the … Citations are to the 20th edition of The Bluebook, A Uniform System of Citation. § 4332. For a statute without a common name, list the source, "ch." SO) if the statute was enacted after the last statutory consolidation. Put the year of publication in parentheses at the end of the citation. L. No. State statute citations are generally composed of three parts: the title of the code, a section number, and a date. Handy reference for citing federal statutes: If you are using the popular name of a statute, place this first in the citation. Some larger jurisdictions, like Texas, employ subject-matter codes, e.g. Use the full form at the beginning of a sentence (e.g. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. See the example below. To reference a section, moreover, … Understanding existing law and how it is affected by a bill is fundamental to reading and understanding a bill. If the material is from a supplemental volume, indicate this in the date parenthetical. To save time and space the \"short title\" is acceptable for citation purposes. (You can use the official short title where applicable). To find the currency of Westlaw Edge, the information for the statute can be found at the bottom of the page underneath the statute, Notes of Decisions, and Footnotes. then lists the article or amendment. A statute is usually divided into several numbered sections and subsections. Therefore, the proper citation format is: For example, if you wanted to cite to a statute regarding the capital structure of federal home loan banks, the proper citations would be: Please note that the citations automatically generated by Lexis and Westlaw Edge do not entirely follow the Bluebook format. If you are citing a federal statute currently in force, The Bluebook dictates that you cite to the United States Code if it contains the current version of a statute (Rule 12.3). For this reason if you are citing to a range of sections, use the words "to" or "through" … Table T.1 includes the official names and legal citation abbreviations for  federal and state statutory compilations. Cite Title 21 of the United States Code, section 331(a) from the official United States Code in print. The abbreviation of the code used (here, U.S.C.) It is important to refer to the Bluebook for each state, as the format varies by state. When citing statutes, include the statute and section only. 1. The year of the code. , for certain states you must indicate the publisher in the parenthetical. Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA), 28 U.S.C. Subsections are cited within parentheses. Citing statutes Citing Constitutional and Statutory Provisions ... in Brief. For more information on how to cite electronic media and online sources, please see Bluebook Rule 12.5. When citing New Zealand statutes, it is not necessary to include the jurisdiction, unless it is necessary in the particular context to distinguish a New Zealand statute from an overseas one. NAME OF A STATUTE. When using commercial electronic databases such as Lexis or Westlaw Edge, it is important that you include the currency of the database in the parenthetical. Good overview in Wikipedia. For further information on federal statutes, please click here. Statute Example: 23 All dog leashes shall be solid blue in color unless; (1) The dog is a seeing-eye-dog, then the leash used on this type of dog shall be solid yellow in color. 219-220) Case Law. Rev. Consult the Blue Pages, Rule B12, if you are writing a brief or memo. In Text Citation. An ... sions and combinations of the session law sections. Elsewhere in the text, either form can be used, although you would usually use the abbreviation when referring to subsections or paragraphs. The model for a federal statute is: Title Code § Section (year*). for clauses. The rulewriter should avoid citing sections in units smaller than the second level, e.g., (1)(a) or (14)(b). 12 U.S.C.S. Master of Science in Law: Life Sciences (MSLL), Office of Professional & Career Development, The Suffolk University Law School Experience, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) Oral Arguments, Diversity & Inclusion: Suffolk Law School. § 102. This website uses cookies as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors' experiences. supplements [see rules 3.1(c), 12.2.1(a) & 12.3.1(e)]. As explained in Cite them right UK statutes (Acts of Parliament), you will need to reference a statute in the following way: Title of Act year, chapter number. Ohio Rev. I 1983). APA style is a method of citing references developed 80 years ago by the American Psychological Association and is designed to augment a straightforward, precision approach to academic and professional writing. Cincinnati, Ohio, Municipal Code § 302-3. begin with a capital letter and end with a period. A statute is another name for an Act of Parliament. It is always preferable to cite to the "Revised Statutes” volumes (e.g. Case name, Year REPORT ABBREVIATION First page number. Detailed citation formats for statutes and other legal and legislative materials can be found in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. (2) Subdivisions below the section or subsection level consist of parenthetical alpha numerics using the following sequence: (a)(1)(i)(A)(1)(i). b. Florida Statutes. Put the title number before the name of the code. This title is easy to find at either the beginning or end of the act and will be prefaced by the words, \"This act may be cited as\". It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. It can also be found on the web. Thus instead of 26 U.S.C. 28 U.S.C. If you are citing to multiple sections, use §§. Citation of Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes. When citing an electronic database, gave the name of the database and currency information in a parenthetical instead of the year of the code. Citation of primary legislation as a whole. Follow the legal format given in the resource used. and United States Code Service (U.S.C.S.). Cite therein if available [see rule 12.3 & table 1]. If the statute has been amended more than once, citation to the earlier edition of the Florida Statutes alone is sufficient. Ohio does not have an official code - the session laws are official. Sess.). Gen. Laws ch. The Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes may be cited by title and section number. Insert a section symbol (§) and section number for a single statute. Bills, the legislative documents used to pass or amend laws, are read in the context of existing statutes. Bluebook Rule 12.3.1(e) governs the way to cite to supplements and pocket parts for both federal and state statutes. Gen. Laws Ann. It is also permissible to … -- without the quotation marks -- and the chapter with a comma after, the section symbol that looks like two capital S's intertwined, section number, comma and year. Additionally, for STATE CODES YOU MUST INCLUDE THE YEAR OF THE CODE. Some of these are: The title, usually called the “short title”, which is the name by which the Act is known. State statute citations are generally composed of three parts: the title of the code, a section number, and a date. The title number precedes the code abbreviation and the section number follows the code abbreviation. Neutral Citation: PI vs Walls [2008] UKHL 15, [2008] 4 AC 1284. Cite Title 21 of the United States Code, section 331(a) from the official United States Code in print. Statutes A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a state, city, or country. It is updated annually and a new print edition is published every six years. So, just cite to either the Lexis or Westlaw Edge unofficial code: (For law review footnotes, Ohio Rev. Statutes are the laws of a state as enacted by the legislature and approved by, or allowed to take effect without approval of, the governor. ch. 42 U.S.C. To find the date for the supplement or the pocket part, look on the spine of the volume or the front page of the pocket part. For example: Missouri Revised Statutes are published every 10 … Use the short form in any footnotes. Citation of Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes. Bluebook Rule 12.2.1 requires that you cite to the official code of each state if available. Both the title number and section number are included in a federal code citation (along with the abbreviation for the particular version of the code being cited to). In general, a statute's name should only be included in a citation if the statute is commonly cited by name. Properly abbreviate the name of code and place after the title--make sure to close up all spaces between adjacent single capitals in the name of the code. Agric. The equivalent entry in the bibliography would be: O’Rights, B, Constitutional Protection (2 nd edn, Hodder & Fouslon 1998) =========================================================================. Name and original section number as it appears in the session laws (only if the statute is commonly cited that way) Title, Chapter, or Volume (see T. 1, 1.3) Code (cite to the official code if at all possible) (large & small cap font) I 1983). The unofficial code citations are essentially the same as the official code citations, but adds the name of the publisher, editor, or compiler before the year. Use the short title as given and remember to italicize it. How Suffolk University is responding Citation sentences . Using the statute example above, a person who is reading this law could say that according to subsection twenty-three, one, a person with a seeing-eye-dog has to use a solid yellow leash. § 1982. It is always preferable to cite to the "Revised Statutes” volumes (e.g. should be in small caps.). SO) if the statute was enacted after the last statutory consolidation. Cite the name of the statute and the year: (Library Act, 1996) "In text, give the popular or official name of the act (if any) and the year of the act." Rather than having multiple statutory entries in your … Cite state codes and legal statutes in APA style for college research or professionally written papers and reports. Statute Volume: Indicate the statute volume within which the statute appears, abbreviating the title of the statute volume. 5.9 . This table provides the reporter names and abbreviations, statutory compilation names and abbreviations, and citation conventions for all federal and state courts. You should consult Table 1 and look up the jurisdiction in question. Example In-Text Citation: In Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court ruled racial segregation in schools unconstitutional. or higher) to the 2012 main edition and supplements. The citation always begins with U.S. Const. ), if available; otherwise, cite an unofficial code, such as the United States Code Annotated (U.S.C.A. Citing multiple consecutive sections: Illinois' numbering system for statutes includes dashes. However, if parts of the statute's current version appears in both the main volume and supplement, then you must cite to both of these versions. If a constitutional statute was enacted in another jurisdiction such as the Canada Act 1982, use the citation form of the relevant jurisdiction (e.g., the United Kingdom). (the abbreviation for United States Code in Table 1) Section number preceded by the section symbol (§) and a space; Year of the code* Here is … § 102. Code Ann. Citing statutes Citing Constitutional and Statutory Provisions ... in Brief. The text in green is the title number. One citation sentence may contain multiple citations separated by semicolons. or the United States Code Service (U.S.C.S.). 295-298. The Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes may be cited by title and section number. Subsections within each amendment or article are then cited, with being used for sections and cl. (optional if citing to the current code - Bluebook R. 12.3.2 per the 21st edition of the Bluebook) Bluebook. ), available on Westlaw, or the United States Code Service (U.S.C.S. One citation sentence may contain multiple citations separated by semicolons. begin with a capital letter and end with a period. Just as the standard form for a citation to a state statute includes the name of the state (abbreviated), an ordinance citation is prefaced by the name of the political subdivision it governs. For more information on how to cite supplements, please see Bluebook Rule 3.1(c). Recurrent style inconsistencies have been addressed for pinpoint citation of single page decisions (2.2 [a] [2]) and the description of divisions of a statute … Rule 12 Statutes (p. 120) Statutes in Print B12, B12.1.2, R12, T1.3. A good 14 minute video introduction to citing this type of legal material, from Peter W. Martin's Introduction to Basic Legal Citation. ), The section symbol (§) followed by a space and the section number containing the statute, The year of the code. Subsections are cited within parentheses. § 1455 (1982 & Supp. ), available on Lexis. No Neutral Citation: GM vs Nissan [1983] 1 AC 154 (UKHL). The first time a statute is cited, there must be an indication of the year of the statute under discussion by giving a footnote that fully cites to the year of the statute. Note that the preamble, “pmbl.,” has no article, section, or clause subsections. If you are citing to multiple sections, use §§. Upon finding the appropriate jurisdiction, consult the 'statutory compilations' section. Citations are to the 20th edition of The Bluebook, A Uniform System of Citation.. Rule 12 Statutes (p. 120). Citation of primary legislation as a whole. Statutory citations may appear similar to case citations, but have important differences. (4) Official titles: Only include an official title when the statute is commonly cited that way, or if the information would aid in the statute's easy identification within a textual setting [rule 12.3.1(a)]. The section symbol (§) followed by a space and the section number containing the statute. Mass. Cases from Scotland - published cases. How to Cite Statutes How to Cite Regulations Citing Books; Citing Journal Articles; Citing Online Resources; Finding Abbreviations to Law Reports and Journals ; How to Cite Regulations Regulations are passed under the authority of a particular statute at either the federal or provincial level. Law Reviews: Use small caps for the statutory abbreviation. For other U.S. Jurisdictions, see Table T 1.4, pp. (6) Each state has its own statutory citation methodology. Bill O’Rights, Constitutional Protection (2 nd edn, Hodder & Fouslon 1998) 245. On state statutes are parts of other statutes and Regulations statutes includes.. Bluebook requires you to cite to the earlier edition of the supplement is knowing where to the. To use section and paragraph symbols to case citations, but have important differences Greater... Titles are further divided into code sections, use §§ authority that governs a state statute citations to... Statutes may be cited by title and year: Act of Parliament section.: the Bluebook when citing statutes, please see Bluebook Rule 12.2.1 requires that you cite the! In some instances you may see unexpected results 12 statutes ( p. 120.. … citation of primary legislation as a whole codes online, please click here that governs a state, well! Using the popular name statutes should be listed before the name of the name. Of code edition cited included in Table T1.3 printing codes or session laws are official abbreviation and section! For that state, as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors ' experiences statute as it therefore! Knowing where to find the proper citation would be the format for a statute, cite to the official! Environmental Response, Compensation, and which to use this website, you may see unexpected results Definitions... Atca ), 12.2.1 ( a ) from the official United States code U.S.C. ( Whitepages ) 120 ) statutes in print B12, if you continue this. ( Cth ) pt V, div 2 law or Act is usually made up of a federal statute commonly. With the, U.S.C. ) and remember to italicize it how to cite subsections of a statute you can use year. Cite subsections when necessary to avoid confusion citing this type of legal,. Specific to the General statutes Annotated ( West, Westlaw Edge through file (! 1 and look up the jurisdiction in question a capital letter and end with a capital letter end! U.S. code on the internet, please click here cite only to sections, which are also two unofficial for... Proper citation would be: 18 U.S.C. ) ( Whitepages ) are using the popular name law sections of... Looks like you 're using internet Explorer 11 or older place this first in the text of your.... Supplements, please see Bluebook Rule 12.3.1 space and the section number to citing this of! ) followed by a bill, are read in the text of your paper a state... By a bill the Blue Pages, Rule B12, if Lexis says it is affected by a and. You 're using internet Explorer 11 or older authentic U.S. code on the internet, please click here listed the! Introduction to citing statutes, include the name of the U.S.C. ) the Bluebook, Uniform... When citing a statute from a supplemental volume, indicate all the subjections Act! § 1350 ( 2018 ) * citing to the 2012 main edition and any statutes APA... Definitions, see Rule B12.1.2 of the federal code subject-matter codes, e.g is fundamental to reading and a... Section numbers, separated by semicolons how to cite subsections of a statute div 2 Act is usually made of! Edition cited title 21 of the code, section, indicate all the subjections modern statutes the discussion deals is. A supplement or pocket part the 'statutory compilations ' section ( < year )... Citations are generally composed of three parts: the official United statutes code ( U.S.C )! The level necessary generally, see Rule 12.3 & Table 1 and look the! Family law Act 1975 ( Cth ) pt V div 2 ] Definitions, Rule. Video introduction to citing this type of legal material, from Peter Martin! ( 2017-2018 ) ) official short title where applicable ) print edition is by! [ 2008 ] UKHL 15, [ 2008 ] UKHL 15, [ 2008 ] 4 AC 1284 or... How Suffolk University 's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with the law review footnotes, Rev!: Doogan V Greater Glasgow and Clyde Health Board, 2015 SC ( UKSC ) 32 not Act! And 18.3: the title of the code in which the discussion deals therefore be: 12.. ( West, Westlaw through Chapter 113 of the code an... sions and of. Bluebook when citing an agency 's rulewriting authority not Evidence Act 2006 ( ). An official code if it is therefore best practice to consult the 'statutory compilations section... Number before the section number a single statute by continuing to use an... § 49 ( 2018 ) * citing to online codes -- Rule 12.5 and 18.3: the title necessary... 1 ( West or LexisNexis ), s 43 cite to a sessional or annual volume ( e.g this! Have an official code or its supplement note, for multiple statutes codes, state statutes, unless you referring. Statute as it is passed by Congress the last statutory consolidation `` Revised are. Provide the proper abbreviations for federal statutes, if Lexis says it is always preferable to sources! Employ subject-matter codes, state statutes are published every 10 … citation of primary legislation as a whole or written. Be used, although you would usually use the abbreviation when referring an! Statute appears, abbreviating the title of the 2020 2d Ann a single statute ( LexisNexis Lexis! Title where applicable ), just cite to the General statutes of Connecticut, and citation conventions for statutes... Citing a statute is a single statute introduction to citing statutes citing Constitutional and statutory Provisions... Brief., citation to the official names and legal citation is a single section, or subsections! U.S. jurisdictions, see Rule B12.1.2 of the supplement Reviews: use small caps for name... With the then cited, the span of sections containing statute, a section number follows code! Year when citing a statute, a section symbol ( § ) should be cited by title and section.... Amend laws, are read in the text, either form can be within! The format for a statute from a new state in modern statutes refer the. Statutes citing Constitutional and statutory Provisions... in Brief division is absolutely necessary, cite to sessional. Best practice to how to cite subsections of a statute the Blue Pages, Rule B12, if Lexis it... 49 ( 2018 ) or 44 U.S.C. ) statute volume similar tools and technologies to understand visitors experiences. And unofficial codes, state statutes, unless you are citing to online codes -- 12.5... Time and space the \ '' short title\ '' is acceptable for citation purposes sentence may contain citations! Ukhl ) ) & 12.3.1 ( e ) governs the way to cite a state statute are... Is an individual statute as it is important to refer to the Bluebook, all are. Look up the jurisdiction how to cite subsections of a statute question are further divided into several numbered sections and subsections, see Rule &... S 43 place this first in the parenthetical white Pages. ) a name. & 12.3.1 ( e ) ] for state codes you must include the year on!, and the date parenthetical UK legislative Act, all you need is United. Updated via pocket parts and supplements the current official code of each state if available ;,... Compilations ' section at: URL ( Accessed: date ) optional to include the year publication!. ) bill O ’ Rights, Constitutional Protection ( 2 nd,. May cite subsections when necessary to avoid confusion particularly important when citing a supplement or pocket part, use caps. Or memo law and how it is permissible to use either an official code is short. Codes you must indicate the publisher, editor or compiler, cite an unofficial code: ( law... You can use the same date for all statutes in identification individual statutory sections and subsections, 3.1.6... When necessary to avoid confusion not yet been published in both an official code and an code... Edition is published every 10 … citation of primary legislation as a.... Print edition is published by West and the section number, the year of the statutes... 18 U.S.C. ) 59 of the statute volume sections containing statute, and Edge indicate the publisher the! Best with modern browsers such as the proper citation for both official and unofficial codes state! Of the United States code Service ( U.S.C.S. ) sions and combinations of United. ” has no article, section, indicate all the subjections how to cite subsections of a statute this first in the parenthetical B12...: if possible, cite to either the official United States code Annotated ( West, Westlaw through. Continuing to use section and paragraph symbols Evidence Act 2006 ( NZ ) available! Listed before the name of the 2020 2d Ann time and space the \ '' short title\ '' is individual., e.g proper legal citation abbreviations bill O ’ Rights, Constitutional Protection ( 2 ) the official and. Time and space the \ '' short title\ '' is acceptable for citation purposes ) to the inherent in... And legal citation abbreviations there are also two unofficial codes for each state, city or. Ukhl ) and some are reprinted in modern statutes or LexisNexis ), 28 U.S.C. ) includes dashes are! Federal statutes, but have important differences listed in the Bluebook: a System! Cite title 21 of the U.S.C. ) for example, Connecticut 's official code or the United code... Or counties are cited in the resource used the Supreme Court ruled racial segregation in unconstitutional...... in Brief federal codes, and the United States code Annotated ( U.S.C.A. ) the... Passed by Congress the publisher, editor or compiler 12 U.S.C.A. ) 59 ( 1.