However, these publications are generally not suited for field use. Cones. A characteristic alpine tree on high mountain slopes where it is usually much stunted and frequently deformed by strong winds. The Dwarf Alberta Spruce is another diminutive member from a family of giants that typically reach heights of 140 feet. Needle-like, in bundles of two, produced in dense clusters towards the ends of the branches, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long, yellowish-green. Lumber is light in weight and is used for furniture, boxes and crates, core stock in plywood, and wall panels. Large tree, sometimes reaching up to 35 m; crown is narrow, symmetrical, lower branches usually drooping; bark thin, scaly, reddish-brown. Bark is silvery-grey on young trees becoming very rough and almost black at maturity. A greenish capsule, containing many small hairy seeds. Spruce and fir have their needles attached individually to the branches. Leaves Wood and Uses If the tree is deciduous, see the deciduous tree identification key. Pollen cones (male) bright red; seed cones (female) drooping, reddish brown, 5 – 9 cm long, the 3-forked bracts projecting beyond the broad-rounded, stiff scales; seeds broadly winged. NOTES:Subalpine Fir (A. The western red cedar claimed the title of British Columbia’s provincial tree on … Needle-like, stiff, sharp-pointed, in bundles of two, frequently twisted, 2 – 4 cm long, yellowish-green. Cones Higher altitudes in high valleys and on slopes of Rocky Mountains in southwestern Alberta. What Tree Is That? It is larger, 25 m high, and its leaves are greyish-green to pale blue-green. In Alberta, it is the main species used for lumber, plywood and pulp. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. Distribution It is used for lumber for rough construction, fence posts, poles, railway ties and pulpwood. Often mixed with Engelmann spruce, lodgepole pine and alpine larch. Inconspicuous, small in dense catkins, pistillate and staminate flowers on different trees. Widespread throughout Alberta, it is especially important in the northern-central part of the province where it is the dominant species in the “Boreal Mixedwood” forest, being eventually succeeded by white spruce. Wood is light, soft, resilient, straight-grained and white in colour. The bark is smooth, pale-grey with large resin blisters on young trees becoming roughened and reddish-brown on mature trees. Wood is moderately heavy, hard, strong, straight-grained and pale brown in colour. Distribution Use the notes you wrote and pictures you took of your leaf to utilize any of these popular tree ID sites: Douglas-fir also makes good Christmas trees. Available Tree Species. A large tree up to 25 m high with a massive trunk and somewhat drooping branches; bark on young trees smooth and reddish brown becoming 10 – 15 cm thick and deeply fissured on old trees. Wood and Uses Needle-like, 12 – 20 in feather-like clusters, soft and slender, 2 – 4 cm long, light green turning bright yellow in the autumn when they fall from the tree. Needle-like, 4 sided, stiff, sharp-pointed, 2.5 – 3.0 cm long, bright green. Wood and Uses Lumber is used mainly in general construction; other uses include furniture, siding, flooring and panels. Tree borers are a group of insects that lay their eggs on or inside of trees, where the young larvae eat their way through living tissues. Central and northern Alberta, where it sometimes forms a scattered understorey in old growth stands. Needle-like, thick, stiff, sharp-pointed, slightly curved, in bundles of 5, tightly clustered at the ends of twigs, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long, dark green. Distribution Birch, River. Leaves Leaves Pollen cones (male) small, yellow; seed cones (female) usually at the ends of young twigs, drooping and turning brown at maturity, 4 – 5 cm long; scales thin, somewhat rounded with smooth margins; seeds with thin wings. Leaves Alternate, simple, broadly oval, sharp-pointed, fine-rounded teeth, 4.0 – 7.5 cm long, borne on long, slender stalks, dark green above, pale below; leaf-stems flattened causing fluttering in wind. Distribution long, reddish when young, becoming brown and almost spherical when mature; seeds small and winged. Wood and Uses Spruce Tree Identification. Seed cones (female) borne in pairs, closed and sealed (serotinous) usually curved and pointing towards the end of the branches, smooth and exceedingly hard, often remaining unopened on the tree for several years, yellowish-grey when mature, 2.5 – 5.0 cm long, scales thickened, without prickles; seeds winged. It is used for furniture, cabinets, woodenware and veneer. Pollen cones (male) dark purple, 1.2 – 1.6 cm long; seed cones (female) brown to yellowish-brown at maturity, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long; cone scales broadest near the middle, irregularly toothed on outer edge with prominent bracts; seeds small with wedge-shaped wings. Wood and Uses Birch logs also make excellent fire wood. Cones One common focal point is an ornamental or flowering tree. It can be distinguished from lodgepole pine mainly by difference in form and shape of the needles and cone characteristics. A mountain species found scattered along the timber line of the Rocky Mountains. Pollen cones (male) small, bluish; seed cones (female) 6 – 10 cm long, dark purple, born at the top of the tree; cone scales fan shaped, slightly longer than broad with short spoon-shaped bracts. January 23, 2019. Red berry tree identification. A small slow-growing tree from 9 to 12 m high; crown has a ragged appearance with irregularly spaced branches; leaves mostly confined to the outer branches; bark smooth, thin, greyish on young trees becoming reddish and scaly on older trees; buds often hidden by long white hair. Trees with single needles are typically spruces, firs, cypress, or hemlocks. Pollen cones (male) small, yellow; seed cones (female) nearly stalkless, 4 – 5 cm long, dark brown at maturity; cone scales are covered with whitish hairs and have 3-toothed bracts; seeds are small and winged. Tree Identification Field Guide. These focal point trees are typically smaller than standard shade trees and boasting annual flowers or colorful leaves that draw the eye and brighten the landscape. Preferring wetter areas, these trees can grow up to 25 m high with stout spreading branches; bark is greenish grey at the top becoming more grey and deeply furrowed at the base; winter buds are large and curved with a sticky balsam-smelling gum. Grows slowly and may be only 15 – 18 m in height. Learn … Distribution Alberta tree and shrub identification guide. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. Large tree, up to 25 m high; narrow crown and dense with drooping branches; bark smooth, ash-grey with large, horizontal resin blisters on young trees, becoming greyish-brown and scaly in older trees. Cones This species and several varieties are widespread and common along river banks and moist wooded areas through the central and northern part of the province. Balsam Firs or Abies balsamea only accounts for three percent of Alberta’s softwood. The wood is moderately light, soft, relatively strong, resilient, straight grained and nearly white colour. Bark can be furrowed (cottonwood), scaly (sycamore), peeling (hickory), smooth (beech), shiny (cherry), papery (birch) or warty (hackberry). 1986. White Birch Developed before the leaves expand in the spring. Flowers Often mixed with firs, larches and pines. Widespread throughout south-central and northern Alberta, succeeding Aspen poplar and pine in burned over areas. Cones Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and pale brownish in colour. Their leaves are flat and needle-like and grow between 15 and 30 mm in length. Occurs throughout central and northern Alberta in wetter areas, usually in pure stands on muskeg, but also mixed with lodgepole pine or white spruce in well-drained mineral soils bordering muskeg sites. These Canadian trees tend to grow between 14 and 20 meters. Wood is light, soft, relatively low in strength, somewhat brittle, and white in colour. Western Red Cedar. Tree City USA Bulletin: What Tree is That—and Why? Distribution Cones Wood is used for pulp. Needle-like, distinctly flattened, rounded at the tip, arranged in two ranks, 2 – 3 cm long, dark green above, whitish beneath. The term comes from the Greek angion (vessel) and sperma (seed).To give an example, the seeds of an apple tree are carried in the fruit. May reach 25 m on sheltered sites, but on windswept slopes, often flattened and shrubby, seldom exceeding 10 m. The trunk is massive and distorted with either smooth or scaly whitish bark; branches usually deformed, bunched in the crown or flat, close to the ground. It was designed to gather and record information about unique trees; to help identify and locate them and to protect them as much as possible. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. How to Identify Trees By Bark Texture There are many variations in texture between different tree species, as well. Wood is light, soft, resilient, straight-grained and white in colour. Distribution Cones Distribution Note: evergreens should not be planted close to walkways, streets, or buildings because of their broad base that will become an obstruction as the tree matures. Wood and Uses Ideal for providing shade in backyard and along neighborhood streets, the elm tree is one of the most common trees. Proudly Serving Alberta for Over 15 Years. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is … A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. In areas adjacent to jack pine, the two species integrate. Tree identification sites help users identify tree by entering its characteristics and comparing the results to the thousands of tree species in their database. Occurring on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains where it frequently forms dense even-aged stands as the result of fire. Conifers are also known as softwoods. Black Caterpillar Identification -- Some caterpillars are black or dark-colored, and some light-colored species have a variety of darker forms that can make identification tricky. Ornamental trees add an interesting focal point to any landscaping. Nutt. Canada is known the world over for its vast, lush forests of trees. The 16 Best Ornamental Trees for the Landscape . Tree borer insects cause affected parts of trees to slowly weaken as their chewing severs vital transport tissues. Cones On better sites it can form a component of virtually any type of stand. Needle-like, 2.5 – 4.0 cm long, curved upwards on the branch, greyish-green to bluish-green, rounded or notched at the tip. A large tree reaching up to 45 m; rough scaly bark, brownish to silvery grey. It is used mainly for lumber for building construction and pulp; also suitable for making boxes and crates. Balsam fir also makes a good Christmas tree. Dwarf Alberta Spruce is commonly known as Black Hills Spruce and is another excellent dwarf evergreen tree. Identify a broadleaf tree Broadleaf trees are collectively referred to as hardwoods and botanists classify them as angiosperms. Alternate Leaves. Common in forestland, abandoned farmland, burned-over areas, and river banks throughout Alberta. Leaves There are 2 types of cherry tree: sweet cherry and sour cherry. With its characteristic “club top”, black spruce is a small, slow growing tree, 9 – 15 m high, with the lower branches often draped with “old-man’s beard” lichen. Wood and Uses The corkscrew willow is also used as an accent in floral arrangements and as bonsai. Needle-like, 4 sided, soft and flexible, 2.5 – 4.0 cm long, bluish green, clusters of 30 – 40 on dwarf twigs, turning yellow in the autumn before falling from the tree. Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and lemon-yellowish in colour. North American larches are typically found in northern deciduous forests in the U.S. and Canada. The City of Edmonton no longer plants spruce or pine on residential boulevards for this reason. Leaves Leaves Ranging in height from a small scrubby tree up to about 25 m depending upon growing conditions; bark thin, reddish grey on young trees becoming darker grey, rough and scaly on old trunks. Wood and Uses Leaves This tree is protected (as of 2009) as an Endangered Species under the Alberta Wildlife Act. Needle-like in bundles of 5, produced in dense clusters towards the ends of the branches, stiff and somewhat curved, 4.0 – 7.5 cm long, dark yellow-green. If you’re into wilderness survival, this would be a great skill for you, as it would help you to know the kind of trees whose wood you can use to make a fire or tools, or a shelter. Common tree in north-eastern Alberta which has adapted to a variety of soils and climates. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. Check boxes for all that apply. Wood and Uses Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and lemon-yellowish in colour. Leaves Therefore, in some provinces, the wood is of great importance to pulp and lumber industry. (Betula papyrifera) Leaves Spruce trees (Picea spp.) Identifying the type of the red berry tree is usually done by examining the leaves of the tree, its flowers, and the type of the trunk. Wood and Uses Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) is an eastern North American pine.Its native range in Canada is east of the Rocky Mountains from the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories to Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, and the north-central and northeast of the United States from Minnesota to Maine, with the southernmost part of the range just into northwest Indiana and northwest Pennsylvania. Although it is suitable for both lumber and pulp, because of remote and inaccessible locations where it is generally found, alpine larch is of very little commercial importance, However, it is of importance in controlling run-off and erosion in high mountains. Distribution The crown is symmetrical with a narrow pyramidal shape and branches extending nearly to the ground. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide. Wood and Uses Distribution Wood is moderately hard and heavy, somewhat oily, decay resistant and yellowish brown to reddish brown in colour. A dry, greenish-brown capsule, opening when mature. Wood and Uses Insect Identification -- An entertaining and authoritative guide to the insects you're most likely to find in your garden or around your home. Up to 30 m in height, bark at first smooth, greenish-white, becoming rough and dark grey with age, terminal bud is sharp and pointed, all buds dark brown. 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